What Describes the Relationship Between 5G and Edge Computing

Dan Omalley

Dan Omalley

Expert in 5G
What Describes the Relationship Between 5G and Edge Computing

The technologies of 5G and edge computing have emerged as highly influential forces in shaping contemporary modes of communication, work, and lifestyle in the 21st century. Both entities are motivated by the growing need for enhanced data processing and delivery capabilities, characterized by increased speed, improved efficiency, and heightened reliability. Although they are different technologies, they are mutually reinforcing and possess the ability to augment one another’s functionalities and advantages. This blog post aims to elucidate what describes the relationship between 5G and edge computing and underscore its significance in the context of the forthcoming digital transformation.

The 5G technology represents more than a mere enhancement of the 4G network speed. The introduction of new features and functionalities in this paradigm shift has the potential to enable a wide range of use cases and applications across diverse industries and sectors. The implementation of 5G technology is contingent upon the utilization of various pivotal technologies and innovative advancements. This generation of wireless technology utilizes a broader spectrum of radio frequencies compared to its predecessors. Furthermore, the system functions across three distinct frequency bands, namely the low band (below 1 GHz), the mid-band (1-6 GHz), and the high band (above 24 GHz). Additionally, the implementation of 5G technology involves the utilization of a novel Radio Access Network (RAN) architecture, which comprises two primary elements: radio units (RUs) and distributed units (DUs)

The Radio Units (RUs) are strategically positioned at the cellular sites to facilitate wireless connectivity for devices. In contrast, the Distributed Units (DUs) are strategically positioned at the periphery of the network to handle baseband processing for the Radio Units. In addition, the technology employs a novel core network architecture that is founded upon a service-based paradigm. The core network encompasses a variety of network functions that offer diverse services for devices and applications. The deployment of network functions can be facilitated through the utilization of cloud-native technologies, including microservices, containers, and orchestration. The core network has the capability to be divided into multiple logical networks, enabling the provision of tailored services to cater to various use cases.

What Describes the Relationship Between 5G and Edge Computing- Understanding 5G Technology

Exploring Edge Computing

Edge computing refers to a form of distributed computing that involves the relocation of computation and data storage in close proximity to the point of data generation or utilization by individuals or devices. The primary objective of edge computing is to tackle the various obstacles and constraints encountered in cloud computing, including but not limited to elevated latency, extensive bandwidth requirements, diminished reliability, and compromised privacy. Edge computing has the potential to provide numerous advantages in comparison to cloud computing by enabling data processing at the network’s periphery.

Edge computing aims to minimize the physical distance and intermediary steps involved in data transmission between devices and data processing units. This can make some applications more efficient and effective, especially those that need quick or almost instant responses. Additionally, it mitigates the volume of data transmission required between the cloud servers and other devices. This approach conserves network resources and reduces costs while mitigating congestion and bottlenecks that may negatively impact the user experience. Moreover, it enables devices and applications to function autonomously, even in situations where they are not connected to the internet or the cloud. This can enhance availability, resilience, and fault tolerance while mitigating disruptions and minimizing downtime.

The Convergence: 5G and Edge Computing

The technologies of 5G and edge computing exhibit distinct mutually beneficial characteristics and serve different purposes. The implementation of 5G technology results in enhanced data transfer speed and capacity, whereas the utilization of edge computing mitigates the latency and bandwidth demands associated with data processing. Collectively, these entities possess the potential to generate novel opportunities within the realms of intelligent devices, the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), and other related domains. This analysis will examine the synergistic effects and shared goals between 5G technology and edge computing.

Enabling Real-Time Applications

The 5G edge infrastructure has the capability to accommodate applications that necessitate low latency, high reliability, and high availability. These include self-driving cars, automation in factories, remote treatment, smart grids, and public safety. By integrating the ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC) feature of 5G with the local processing capability of edge computing, these applications can attain response times of less than one millisecond and achieve high accuracy.

Enhancing Digital Experiences

Edge computing and 5G have the ability to allow for applications that require substantial bandwidth, superior resolution, and enhanced interactivity. These applications incorporate video streaming, virtual reality, augmented reality, cloud gaming, and various immersive experiences. By integrating the enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) functionality of 5G with the content delivery capability of edge computing, these applications can attain superior quality in ultra-high-definition and ensure uninterrupted performance.

Autonomous Vehicles

Using 5G edge computing can make it easier for autonomous cars and the infrastructure around them to talk to each other in real-time. The implementation of this technology has the potential to enhance the safety, efficiency, and convenience experienced by both drivers and passengers. Based on a study conducted by Juniper Research, it is projected that the implementation of 5G-based vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication will result in a substantial revenue of USD 1.2 trillion by the year 2030.

Industrial Automation

The integration of 5G and edge computing has the potential to enable industrial automation, thereby enhancing the efficiency of production processes and operational activities. The implementation of this approach can enhance productivity, improve quality standards, increase operational flexibility, and promote sustainability within the manufacturing industry. Based on a recent study, it has been projected that the implementation of industrial automation utilizing 5G technology will result in a substantial revenue of USD 113 billion by the year 2030.

Remote Surgery

Implementing 5G edge will speed up remote surgical procedures, allowing for the execution of intricate medical interventions across considerable geographical distances. This has the potential to enhance the accessibility of healthcare services for patients residing in geographically isolated regions or in times of urgent medical situations. A recent report published by Global Market Insights projects that the market value of remote surgery utilizing 5G technology is expected to reach USD 8 billion by 2027.

Empowering IoT Ecosystems

The 5G edge infrastructure has the power to accommodate applications that need scalability, efficiency, and intelligence. These applications cover a wide range of devices, including sensors, actuators, meters, trackers, and smart objects. By integrating the mMTC (Massive Machine-Type Communications) functionality of 5G with the data analytics capabilities of edge computing, these applications have the potential to establish connectivity among a vast number of devices and efficiently handle substantial volumes of data.

Edge Computing for 5G Networks

An additional advantage associated with edge computing pertains to its ability to enhance the efficiency of 5G networks through the offloading of data processing tasks and subsequent reduction of network congestion. Edge computing is a way of working with computers in which data is processed at the borders of a network. This approach circumvents the need to transmit substantial volumes of data to the cloud or the core network, thereby mitigating bandwidth consumption and minimizing latency issues. An illustration of the potential of 5G edge computing lies in its ability to facilitate video analytics at the network’s periphery. In this scenario, video streams are captured by cameras and sensors and subsequently subjected to local analysis. This approach will decrease the volume of video data that necessitates transmission to the cloud or core network, resulting in bandwidth conservation and latency enhancement. 

Edge computing has the capability to facilitate caching and content delivery at the periphery of the network, allowing for the storage and local distribution of frequently accessed content. This has the potential to alleviate the congestion on the central network infrastructure and enhance the overall service performance. The utilization of edge computing in 5G networks enables the enhancement of performance and capacity through the mitigation of network congestion and the augmentation of data processing capabilities. This can facilitate the development of novel services and functionalities that necessitate substantial bandwidth, minimal latency, and exceptional dependability. An instance of the utilization of 5G edge computing is the facilitation of mobile edge computing (MEC), a framework that offers cloud-based services at the periphery of the 5G network. Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) can accommodate applications and functions requiring minimal delay, extensive bandwidth, or localized contextual understanding. These include augmented reality, virtual reality, gaming, location-based services, and other similar functionalities.

Relationship Between 5G and Edge Computing

Security and Privacy Considerations

Although 5G and edge computing presents numerous advantages, they also present certain obstacles in relation to security and privacy. The increasing interconnectivity and distribution of devices, applications, and data across networks heighten their susceptibility to potential risks and vulnerabilities. Hence, it is imperative to guarantee the establishment of robust security measures and privacy safeguards across all levels of the 5G edge architecture. Let us examine several potential security risks and vulnerabilities.

Device Security

Devices located at the network’s periphery are susceptible to potential tampering or cyber intrusions, which can compromise their overall integrity and operational capabilities. As an illustration, individuals with malicious intent may endeavor to gain unauthorized access to or manipulate cameras, sensors, or gateways, with the aim of pilfering sensitive information or causing disruptions to essential services.

Network Security

The security of 5G edge network slices can be jeopardized by unauthorized access or interference, leading to potential compromises in their availability and performance. As an illustration, malevolent entities may endeavor to infiltrate or commandeer network slices with the intention of impeding the flow of data or initiating denial-of-service assaults.

Data Security

The security of data located at the periphery of a network can be compromised by unauthorized access or unintentional disclosure, resulting in a breach of their confidentiality or integrity. For instance, individuals with malicious intent may attempt to intercept or manipulate data during its transmission or while it is stored to either acquire sensitive information or inflict damage.

Device Authentication

It is imperative to authenticate devices situated at the periphery of the 5G edge network prior to their engagement in accessing or establishing communication with other devices or services. As an illustration, devices have the capability to employ certificates or tokens as a means of substantiating their identity or reliability.
Outlined below are several strategies and technologies that can be employed to ensure the secure implementation of 5G edge computin

Network Encryption

In order to safeguard the integrity and confidentiality of data, it is imperative to encrypt network slices, thereby preventing unauthorized access or manipulation. As an example, Transport Layer Security (TLS) or Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) can be used to make sure the security of network slices.

Data Protection

Safeguarding data located at the periphery of the 5G edge computing network is imperative to prevent unauthorized access or inadvertent disclosure. For instance, data can employ encryption or hashing methodologies to ensure the security of their data while it is stored or being processed.

Future Trends and Opportunities

Both 5G and edge computing exhibit dynamic characteristics rather than static technologies. The entities in question exhibit a perpetual process of development and enhancement in order to effectively address the dynamic requirements and demands of users and applications. The subsequent section presents a selection of forthcoming trends and prospects pertaining to 5G and edge computing.


The sixth generation of wireless technology, commonly referred to as 6G, is anticipated to be introduced in the 2030s. The objective of this technology is to offer improved cognitive capabilities compared to the existing 5G network. Additionally, the 6G Edge will incorporate novel functionalities such as holographic communication, terahertz communication, quantum communication, and artificial intelligence.

Edge AI

Edge AI refers to the convergence of artificial intelligence (AI) and edge computing, wherein AI capabilities are integrated into edge devices or systems. The utilization of 5G edge computing facilitates the execution of AI tasks, including machine learning, computer vision, natural language processing, and other related functionalities, by devices and applications situated at the periphery of the network.

Data Security

The concept of edge cloud refers to the expansion of cloud computing capabilities to the periphery of the network. The technology allows for the deployment and execution of cloud-like services and functions at the network’s edge. 5G edge computing applications can benefit from the provision of scalability, flexibility, and agility.


The combination of 5G and edge computing presents a significant potential for revolutionizing various aspects of communication, work, and daily life within digital technology. While distinct in nature, these technologies exhibit a symbiotic relationship whereby their combined utilization can augment their respective functionalities and advantages. The integration of 5G’s rapid data transfer capabilities with edge computing’s efficient data processing capabilities can facilitate novel opportunities for real-time applications, improved digital encounters, empowered Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystems, and other related advancements. Nevertheless, these technologies also present certain obstacles concerning security and privacy that necessitate resolution. Furthermore, these entities are consistently undergoing development and enhancement in order to effectively address the dynamic requirements and demands of users and applications. Throughout the blog, we have aimed to enhance your comprehension of what describes the relationship between 5G and edge computing. We hope you now understand the topic better, and we thank you for taking the time to read this.

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